ECONOMY OF THE AREA
of Novara is very long but not very wide, and it is situated in Piedmont,
towards Lombardy. Precisely, the province of Novara is situated in the
Indusatrial Triangle means the area between Milan, Turin and Genoa, that are not
only the most important cities in this area, but they are also very important
for the whole nation economy.
definition is, today, a little bit old-fashioned because industry has spread in
many other areas, even though the Triangle is still the most important area of
In fact Milan
is the financial centre, while Turin is the seat of the motoring industries.
Genoa is the sea-port that connects the activity of the Triangle with the rest
of the world.
development of small industries in other areas (Venice, Tuscany, Emilia)
deprives the Triangle of its esclusiveness and Genoa is no longer the only sea
port of the Triangle, in fact, owing to the growing need for oil, it had to
connect with other areas and so it has extended its borders. But the Triangle is
still a very important area, where the main financial activities and the most
highly developed industries converge and where the economic development indexes
industry is the main activity, agricolture is well developed and secceeds in
producing a good share of our agricultural income with a limited number of
this area there is a flourishing trade which connects the Idustrial Triangle
with other European countries (France, Switzerland and Germany) because of its
position along important alpine roads at the exit of wide valleys.
of Novara is situated in a strategic position at a point of obligatory passage
between the Piedmontese plain and the Lombardy plain. Therefore it is a
flourishing market for farm products (rice, cereals, grapes, fruit).
some differences between the higher and lower plain regarding industry and
agriculture. These differences are due to the diversity of the natural
The high part
of the plain has always been more densely populated thanks to its favourable
climate and road network; in these district the flat plain helps agriculture. In
the low plain the soil is cultived with agricultural machines. So agriculture is
more highly developed in the lower plain, while the higher plain is more urban
industries exploit abundant territorial waters to obtain energy for the
manifacture of ground products and minerals. The industries in the higer plain
(and in the Northern part of the province) provide many jobs but the services
sector is expanding rapidly, providing, more and more jobs, escpecially for
In the "Alto
Novarese" there are a mountain district and a lake district and the majority of
the people living here are authochthonons, while in the "Basso Novarese" there
are many people coming from the south of Italy.
the "Basso Novarese" there is a medley of people and customs.
the "Alto Novarese" there is a lower schooling rate, while in the "Basso
Novarese" it is higher.
mining industry, the food industry, the texstile industry and the clothing
industry are developing.
is well developed in our province: cereals, fruits, forages and grapes are
produced here. The most typical scenery is that of the rice fields: it is both
interesting but a little monotonous at the same time. Not only rice is grown
here but also wheat, corn and soya but not in big quantitives.
renowed for its wine-growing and the wine market in this area is high of quality
owning to wines such as „Doc of Boca“ and „Sizzano“. Also „Ghemme“ is a
wellknown and appreciated wine.
is concentrated above all in the town of Sozzago and orchards of pears, peaches,
cherries, apples and nectarines can be seen here.
greatly diffused and favours cattle breeding and, because of this, our province
produces great quantity of milk.
industrial aspects find their roots in the agricultural and zootechnic
traditions of Basso Novarese: rice, cheese, salted meat. Gorgonzola, the world
famous cheese, is made here.
thriving sectors we must not forget to mention the salted meat section famous
for its diffrent types of salami.
Novarese has always excelled in the mechanical spinning of cotton and the
manufacture of wool. The most important cotton-mills being in Cameri, Trecate,
Galliate, Cerano, Ghemme and woolen-mill in Cameri.
alimentary industry Trecate is important for its diary and Cressa for its mills.
Other important productive sectors are chemical, metallurgic, mechanic,
editorial plants, forniture and building.
in the Basso Novarese is quite rich in oil and in the last few years layers have
been found especially in the Trecate zone. In Trecate district there are 6 wells
and in Romentino 10 wells and 4 in Galliate with a deph of about 6000 mt. The
actual daily production is of about 4000 tons a day with a future aim production
of 11000 tons a day.
ratio of the Italian production of Agip is about 44% while the ratio with the
Italian production is 30% and the ratio with the Italian consumption is about
of marketable goods is disinguished by a very strong metalurgic, mechanic and
chemical, agricultural and alimentary exports.