The province of Novara is very long but not very wide, and it is situated in Piedmont, towards Lombardy. Precisely, the province of Novara is situated in the Industrial Triangle.

The Indusatrial Triangle means the area between Milan, Turin and Genoa, that are not only the most important cities in this area, but they are also very important for the whole nation economy. 

The definition is, today, a little bit old-fashioned because industry has spread in many other areas, even though the Triangle is still the most important area of Italian economy.

In fact Milan is the financial centre, while Turin is the seat of the motoring industries. Genoa is the sea-port that connects the activity of the Triangle with the rest of the world. 

Yet the development of small industries in other areas (Venice, Tuscany, Emilia) deprives the Triangle of its esclusiveness and Genoa is no longer the only sea port of the Triangle, in fact, owing to the growing need for oil, it had to connect with other areas and so it has extended its borders. But the Triangle is still a very important area, where the main financial activities and the most highly developed industries converge and where the economic development indexes are higher.

Even though industry is the main activity, agricolture is well developed and secceeds in producing a good share of our agricultural income with a limited number of employees.

Therefore in this area there is a flourishing trade which connects the Idustrial Triangle with other European countries (France, Switzerland and Germany) because of its position along important alpine roads at the exit of wide valleys.

The province of Novara is situated in a strategic position at a point of obligatory passage between the Piedmontese plain and the Lombardy plain. Therefore it is a flourishing market for farm products (rice, cereals, grapes, fruit).

There are some differences between the higher and lower plain regarding industry and agriculture. These differences are due to the diversity of the natural landscapes.

The high part of the plain has always been more densely populated thanks to its favourable climate and road network; in these district the flat plain helps agriculture. In the low plain the soil is cultived with agricultural machines. So agriculture is more highly developed in the lower plain, while the higher plain is more urban and industrial. 

The industries exploit abundant territorial waters to obtain energy for the manifacture of ground products and minerals. The industries in the higer plain (and in the Northern part of the province) provide many jobs but the services sector is expanding rapidly, providing, more and more jobs, escpecially for women.

Alto novarese

In the "Alto Novarese" there are a mountain district and a lake district and the majority of the people living here are authochthonons, while in the "Basso Novarese" there are many people coming from the south of Italy.

Therefore in the "Basso Novarese" there is a medley of people and customs.

Besides in the "Alto Novarese" there is a lower schooling rate, while in the "Basso Novarese" it is higher.

Lately the mining industry, the food industry, the texstile industry and the clothing industry are developing.

Basso novarese

Agriculture is well developed in our province: cereals, fruits, forages and grapes are produced here. The most typical scenery is that of the rice fields: it is both interesting but a little monotonous at the same time. Not only rice is grown here but also wheat, corn and soya but not in big quantitives.

Fara is renowed for its wine-growing and the wine market in this area is high of quality owning to wines such as „Doc of Boca“ and „Sizzano“. Also „Ghemme“ is a wellknown and appreciated wine.

Fruit-growing is concentrated above all in the town of Sozzago and orchards of pears, peaches, cherries, apples and nectarines can be seen here.

Fodder is greatly diffused and favours cattle breeding and, because of this, our province produces great quantity of milk.

Some industrial aspects find their roots in the agricultural and zootechnic traditions of Basso Novarese: rice, cheese, salted meat. Gorgonzola, the world famous cheese, is made here.

Besides these thriving sectors we must not forget to mention the salted meat section famous for its diffrent types of salami.

The Basso Novarese has always excelled in the mechanical spinning of cotton and the manufacture of wool. The most important cotton-mills being in Cameri, Trecate, Galliate, Cerano, Ghemme and woolen-mill in Cameri.

About alimentary industry Trecate is important for its diary and Cressa for its mills. Other important productive sectors are chemical, metallurgic, mechanic, editorial plants, forniture and building.

The subsoil in the Basso Novarese is quite rich in oil and in the last few years layers have been found especially in the Trecate zone. In Trecate district there are 6 wells and in Romentino 10 wells and 4 in Galliate with a deph of about 6000 mt. The actual daily production is of about 4000 tons a day with a future aim production of 11000 tons a day.

The actual ratio of the Italian production of Agip is about 44% while the ratio with the Italian production is 30% and the ratio with the Italian consumption is about 1.5%

Novara export of marketable goods is disinguished by a very strong metalurgic, mechanic and textile-clothing component. Together with chemical, agricultural and alimentary exports.